Trigeminal neuralgia

It is a condition that produces electric shock-like pain on one side of the face. This chronic pain syndrome targets the trigeminal nerve, which transmits sensations from the face to the brain. With trigeminal neuralgia, even mild facial stimulation, such as brushing your teeth or applying makeup, can cause excruciating pain.

Trigeminal neuralgia can progress, resulting in longer and more frequent episodes of burning pain.
Because of the various treatments available, having trigeminal neuralgia does not necessarily imply that you will live a pain-filled life. Trigeminal neuralgia may usually be managed efficiently by doctors using drugs, injections, surgery, and hardware approaches.
Trigeminal neuralgia causes a disruption in the function of the trigeminal nerve. Pain is frequently caused by a blood vessel coming into contact with the trigeminal nerve at the base of the brain. The blood vessel might be an artery or a vein. This contact exerts pressure on the nerve, preventing it from functioning normally.

While blood vessel compression is the most prevalent cause, there are several alternative possibilities. Multiple sclerosis, or a related illness that affects the myelin sheath that protects certain nerves, can induce trigeminal neuralgia. A tumor pushing on the trigeminal nerve might also cause this disease.

Some people may develop trigeminal neuralgia after a stroke or facial trauma. Trigeminal neuralgia can also be caused by a nerve damage sustained after surgery.
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