Autism spectrum disorder

Autism spectrum disorder is a brain development syndrome that affects how people perceive and interact with others, resulting in difficulties with social interaction and communication. The disease is also characterized by restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. The term "spectrum" in autism spectrum disorder refers to the variety of symptoms and severity.
Autism spectrum disorder encompasses illnesses that were formerly regarded as distinct: autism, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and an unidentified type of pervasive developmental disability. Some individuals still use the name "Asperger's syndrome," which is considered to be on the milder end of the autism spectrum disorder.

Autism spectrum disorder develops in early life and eventually causes difficulties in social, academic, and occupational functioning. Children with autism frequently exhibit signs during the first year. A tiny proportion of children appear to grow normally in the first year, but then have regression between the ages of 18 and 24 months, at which time they acquire autistic symptoms.

While there is no cure for autism spectrum disorder, intense, early therapy can make a significant impact in the lives of many children.
Autism spectrum disorder has no recognized etiology. Given the disorder's intricacy and the fact that symptoms and severity vary, there are likely several causes. Both genetics and environment may play a part.

  • Genetics. Several genes appear to be implicated in autism spectrum disorder. Autism spectrum disorder can be accompanied by a genetic condition, such as Rett syndrome or Fragile X syndrome. Other children's genetic alterations (mutations) may raise their chance of autism spectrum disorder. Other genes may influence brain development, the way brain cells interact, or the intensity of symptoms. Some genetic mutations appear to be inherited, while others develop spontaneously.
  • Environmental considerations. Researchers are actively investigating whether viral infections, drugs or pregnancy difficulties, or air contaminants might cause autism spectrum disorder.

There is no relationship between vaccinations and autistic spectrum disorder.

The question of whether there is a relationship between autism spectrum disorder and childhood immunizations is one of the most contentious in the field. Despite significant investigation, no credible studies have found a relationship between autism spectrum disorder and any vaccination. In reality, the initial study that sparked the discussion years ago was withdrawn owing to poor design and questionable research methodology.

Avoiding childhood vaccines puts your kid and others at risk of contracting and transmitting dangerous diseases including whooping cough (pertussis), measles, and mumps.
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