Cerebral palsy
Cerebral palsy refers to a set of disorders that impair mobility and posture. It is caused by injury to the developing brain, which often happens before birth.
Symptoms develop throughout infancy or preschool years and range from minor to severe. Children with cerebral palsy may have excessive reflexes. Arms, legs, and trunk may seem floppy. They may also have rigid muscles, a condition known as spasticity. Symptoms may also include abnormal posture, uncontrollable movements, an unsteady walk, or a mix of these.

Cerebral palsy may make swallowing difficult. It can also create eye muscle imbalance, resulting in the eyes not focusing on the same object. People with the illness may have a restricted range of motion in their joints owing to muscular tightness.

The etiology of cerebral palsy and its impact on function differ from person to person. Some persons with cerebral palsy can walk, but others require help. Some people have intellectual limitations; others do not. Epilepsy, blindness, and deafness may also afflict patients with cerebral palsy. There is no cure, however, several therapies can assist improve function. The symptoms of cerebral palsy may change during the child's growth, but the disease does not worsen. The condition usually remains the same throughout time.
Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal brain development or injury to the developing brain. This normally occurs before a kid is born, although it can also happen after birth or in early infancy. Often, the reason is unknown. Several things can influence brain growth. Some include:
  • Gene alterations cause hereditary disorders or variances in brain development.
  • Maternal infections that damage the unborn child.
  • Stroke disrupts blood circulation to the growing brain.
  • Bleeding into the brain in utero or as a baby.
  • Infant infections resulting in swelling in or around the brain.
  • Traumatic head damage in a newborn, such as from a car accident, a fall, or physical trauma.
  • Lack of oxygen to the brain due to harsh labor or delivery, albeit this is less common than originally assumed.
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